When we say Italian cuisines, we’re definitely talking about pizza. Nine out of ten people are thinking of pizza when they want to go out for Italian.
Perhaps many countries own various national dishes, but only few of them become an international all-time favorite. For Italy, they have two popular dishes: pasta and of course pizza.
Pizza didn’t actually started in Italy, it began in the Middle East where pieces of flat bread were used to hold toppings or seasoned oil and eaten without using any plates or tableware. The Greeks called this early pizza plankuntos and it was basically used as an edible plate when eating stews or thick broth. It was not yet what we would call pizza today. There are numerous well-known varieties of pizza in Italy, but the Pizza Margherita have set the standard.
1. Pizza Margherita – this pizza was first made in 1899 when Queen Marghereta visited Napels to escape a cholera epidemic in the north of Italy. The ingredients used to make a Margherita pizza are, tomatoes, mozzarella cheese and basil, imitate the colors of the Italian flag.
2. Pizza Focaccia – resembles the earliest pizzas being without tomatoes or cheese but covered in olive oil, caramelized onions and other savory toppings.
3. Sfincione – is a thick Sicilian sheet pizza that uses tomato sauce, anchovies (usually anchovy paste) breadcrumbs and caciocavallo (or another local variety) cheese.
4. Dessert pizzas – is a new trend that is gaining popularity. It often have flavor combinations such as Nutella, honey, fruit jam, yogurt, and even mustard and liquor.
5. Focaccia Al Rosmarino – based on rosemary and olive oil, sometime served with prosciutto. This pizza is usually served as an appetizer.
6. Pizza romana – has tomato, mozzarella, capperi and anchovy.
7. Liguria Pizzas – topped with basil pesto and no tomato sauce.